What Is Autism?

March 02 23:16 2019 Print This Article

It is defined as a disorder in which there is an improper development in the social as well as communication behavior. It affects many children and their future. It is quite common in the boys as compared to the girls. It mainly affects the young children and adults. The disorders vary from one individual to the other. Their intelligence is normal but they have a problem in the social interaction. It can occur alone or in combination with the other disorders. It can be mild or severe. The individuals who are mildly affected appear normal but not so in the case of severely affected individuals. They are not able to function properly. The features of schizophrenia and autism are quite the same. It must be separated from the other disorders.

What are the signs and symptoms of Autism?

It includes the problem in social interaction, behavior and communication. The individuals who are mildly affected appear normal but not so in the case of severely affected individuals. They are not able to function properly. The person with this disorder does not have a normal interaction. The affected individual is not able to form the normal social contacts. This problem can also create a rift between the mother and infant. But most of them show affection to their mother. It differs in the way how they show affection. The joy is not much in the normal age activities. The peer and sibling relationship is not normal. The adults do not look for peer in their daily life activity. In advance cases they do not even know about the presence of other individuals or not.

One can also have a trouble in the communication. The individual understands what is spoken and under stands late what is spoken by the individual. He is not able to understand simple questions or directions. They are not able to enjoy the simple age games such as hide and seek or go seek. The adults with autism play the games which are meant for young children. The individuals with autism are not able to start a two way conversation. The way the individual speaks is not normal. There is no emotion in his speech. He speaks the sentences which are not complete and repeats the words. He may remember something but he does not understand.

There are changes in the behavior such as inability to hear, see and touch properly. The person is no able to tolerate high sounds and crowds. In most of the cases birthday parties cannot be good and can make ill the patient. The tags on shirts and wearing socks are a painful procedure. The fingers which are sticky and playing with a clay or cake cannot be tolerated. There is not a proper stimulation to the touch, pain and pressure. The person may speak loud and scream a lot. He may rub his skin until blood comes out. He may touch the object just to see the image. The individuals with this disorder perform their tasks regularly. They take bath when the soap is the same, the temperature is same, and the amount of water is same. The towel must also be present in a same space. If their routine breaks they tend to fight with the other people.

They can also repeat the actions as well as behavior. They can grind the teeth, flap their hand, walk on the tip toe etc. The individual has a certain interest. He likes one and the same toy. He must not be disturbed and act harshly if he is disturbed. He likes the opening, closing and spinning of object. If the person is not disturbed he will continue with the switching on and off of light. He will continue to do the same activity again and again.

What are the causes of Autism?

It is linked to the psychiatric disorders. There is no specific cause for this disorder. The cause can be bacteria, viruses etc. There are few reasons such as bacteria, viruses which can lead to this disorder. There are few medicines which are used to treat this disorder. The immunization does not lead to autism. This disorder is mainly linked with the growth. It can also occur if the attachment of a child to mother is not proper. It leads to a lot of pain and guilt among parents. There are many nerve factors which can lead to this disorder. The other disorders which can lead to this condition are the improper development of brain, mutation in the gene and the defects of metabolism. The individuals with autism have many problems that affect the brain. Their brain size is not normal. The occurrence of seizures and autism is inter related. The seizures are seen in the patients with autism and the condition is vice a versa. The children with epilepsy have inability to speak a language. Their activity of a brain can be seen with the help of EEG. The problem starts when the individual is of 4 years of age. It starts in the younger children. The use of steroid has been quite successful in this case. It has anti inflammatory action. There are many side effects linked with the excessive use of steroids such as alopecia, increase in weight and diabetes. There has been an increase in the other problems also.

How Autism can be diagnosed?

It includes the use of symptoms mainly. The person with this disorder does not have a normal interaction. The affected individual is not able to form the normal social contacts. The behavior, activities and interests are also affected adversely. These developments can occur if the individual is less than 3 year old. When the child is one year old it shows a normal development and the child is not bought to the physician when he is 1to 2 year old. After the child crosses the age of 3 he is not behaving as a normal anymore. The doctors must look for definite causes.

The loss of language may be seen in the case when the child is 3 year old. One must go for a medical history along with a physical examination. These measures must be taken by a specialist physician. He must be able to differentiate this disorder from the other disorders. The nerve examination must also be done. To examine the brain one must go for a MRI scan. If he has the problem in speaking than the hearing ability must be checked. The hearing ability must be such that he has the ability to hear volume which has high frequencies. There are number of hearing tests which can help the individual. It includes the behavioral audiometric along with the brain stem response which is evoked. These tests are done by audiologists. The response of a person to different tones is known. The most common mode of treatment is the behavioral audiometric. It does not require the use of anesthesia. One can also go for blood and urine examination if there is a problem in the metabolism.

The nerve examination is not normal than one must not go for any other methods. If it is not so than one must go for a MRI and the new methods of scan which are used now a days.

How Autism can be treated?

It includes that there is no specific treatment for this disorder. There are many methods by which the autism is treated but the diagnosis must be done first. The different method includes the education as well as clinical. There is one method only which is successful in the case of autism. It is the educational approach. It is quite effective in the case of students. But in the case of adults one has to go for a vocational program. There are certain laws in few countries in which the patients with autism are treated. The children are allowed to enter into the class room and are given extra services. He must be given a main stream education. In some countries the children with this disorder are formed into separate groups. They are not given any particular instructions. The information is passed on slowly and the response is noted. A stimulus response based approach is needed. He must be given basic strategies such as putting the hand on table etc. The long term effects of this treatment are much better than the other type of treatments. In case the child hurts himself than the main aim of treatment must be to change his negative behavior. It must be rewarding and must encourage proper behavior.

The individuals with this disorder must be told how to communicate and interact. It is not an individual task and involves the help of family members as well as professionals. The parents must keep their knowledge updated. There are many treatments for this disorder and some are successful in some cases and some are not.The acceptability of these treatments must be known. The treatment must be based on the individual and depending on his need and so his family need. It is not feasible to cure this disorder but we can treat this disorder by changing the condition of individual. The families must keep hope that the condition can only be treated. There are number of medicines which have been tried till date but they have proved not to be much successful.

Recently, hormone secretin has proved to be quite successful in autism cases. It has proved to be quite effective but the problem is that it is costly. There are few medicines like haldol and ripserdal which have shown to be quite effective. The individuals with this disorder die at a young age as compared to the other disorders. The individuals with this disorder must receive a good medical care. The individuals with this disorder have a problem with the nutrition followed by appetite and a refusal to fruits and foods. They are also prone to emotional troubles. It includes the anxiety and depressin which must need counseling from the mental health professional. The psycho therapeutic approaches can also be tried. One can also go for a social support and social training of the skills as per required.

How Autism can be prevented?

It includes that the diagnosis must be done first. The different methods include the education as well as clinical. There is one method only which is successful in the case of autism. It is the educational approach. It is quite effective in the case of students. It is not feasible to cure this disorder but we can treat this disorder by changing the condition of individual. The families must keep hope that the condition can only be treated. There are number of medicines which have been tried till date but they have proved not to be much successful.

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