What Is A Vocal Cord Paresis?

May 01 22:30 2019 Print This Article

It is defined as a disorder in which there is a problem in one or both of the vocal cords. It is also known as the paralysis. It leads to the problem in daily life routines, choice of the job, social troubles as well as the interactions.

What are the signs and symptoms of Vocal cord paresis?

It includes the vocal fatigue, hoarseness and such a large decrease in the volume of voice. When the person speaks there is a pain in the throat. There is a shortness of breath along with a movement of the foods as well as liquids in the trachea. It may lead to coughing and ultimately the death of individual. The decrease in the movement of vocal cord may lead to decrease in the effectiveness of swallowing, coughing as well as the sneezing. It is not much effective in removing the wastes of mucosa. So, the bacteria and virus gets accumulated over there and so the chances of throat as well as infection increases.

What are the causes of Vocal cord paresis?

It includes the tumors, cancers as well as viral infections. It puts the pressure on recurrent laryngeal nerve, trauma, and pressure on the vocal cord nerve from intubation, reflux can be laryngo pharyngeal. The other causes can be trauma or presence of the tumor in muscles. The risk to a normal voice occurs after the heart surgery as the nerves which are linked to the larynx are present near the heart. If the heart surgery is open the chances of involvement of the nerves are less. Thyroid gland has nearby recurrent laryngeal nerve which makes the voice as hoarseness. There is some paralysis of the nerve which may lead to the hoarseness of voice. It is linked with the thyroid surgery. Some of the causes are not known. In some cases the causes can be due to the involvement of nerves such as the parkinsons disease.

How Vocal cord paresis can be diagnosed?

It includes the use of visual examination and a patient history. One can also use the laryngo scope. The other possible option is the electro myo graphy in which there is a measurement of the signal of strength of neuro muscular signal which covers the brain as well as muscles. The other method of diagnosis can be taking the help of oto laryngologist and larynx geologist. One must also take the help of neurologist. If there is an inflammation one can go for the recovery of vocal cords which occurs very fast.

How Vocal cord paresis can be treated?

It includes that there is no specific treatment for this disorder. One must identify the cause for it and must act against it. One must treat it with the voice therapy. One can also go for the surgery if there is a lot of weakness in the voice. In the case of surgery one can go for the medial movement of the vocal cords. It can be temporary or permanent. It helps to move the vocal cord along with the muscles to mid lines. They have a strong strike with a vocal cord which is opposite. It leads to loud as well as strong voice. The medialisation can be done with the help of injection with the animal fat which is pure.

The plastic substances or the silicone are placed inside the wall of trachea. It makes the vocal cord medialise permanently. It is done with the help of local anesthesia. It allows the patient to phonate which allows the surgeon so that the best size and shape of the button can be known. It can be done on the single side or both of the sides. If the vocal cord is relaxed it can lead to the passage of less breath. The air way is small and must be related to the surgeon.

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