Ulcerative Colitis

by andywalsh | December 22, 2019 9:59 pm

Ulcerative colitis is a disease that causes inflammation and sores, called ulcers, in the lining of the rectum and colon. The rectum is the end of the colon adjacent to the anus.Ulcerative colitis is similar to Crohn’s disease, another form of IBD. More than 500,000 Americans have ulcerative colitis, an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes chronic inflammation of the digestive tract. The colon is the part of the digestive system where waste material is stored.

The large bowel (colon) is the 5 to 6 foot segment of intestine that begins in the right-lower abdomen, extends upward and then across to the left side, and downward to the rectum. The illness may begin with a breakdown in the lining of the intestine. Because of the name, IBD is often confused with irritable bowel syndrome (“IBS”), a troublesome, but much less serious condition. In addition, patients who have had extensive ulcerative colitis for many years are at an increased risk to develop large bowel cancer. Ulcerative colitis may also be called colitis, ileitis, or proctitis.

Research suggests that ulcerative colitis is genetic (inherited). If the entire colon is affected it is called pancolitis. If only the left side of the colon is affected it is called limited or distal colitis. In patients with ulcerative colitis, ulcers and inflammation of the inner lining of the colon lead to symptoms of abdominal pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding. Although dietary modification may reduce the discomfort of a person with the disease, ulcerative colitis is not thought to be caused by dietary factors.

If the disease affects only the left side of the colon, it is called limited or distal colitis. If it involves the entire colon, it is termed pancolitis. The disease is not contagious, even within families, so contact with another person cannot spread the disease. There’s no known medical cure for ulcerative colitis, but therapies are available that may dramatically reduce the signs and symptoms of ulcerative colitis and even bring about a long-term remission.

Causes of Ulcerative Colitis

The comman causes of Ulcerative Colitis include the following:

Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis

Some sign and symptoms related to Ulcerative Colitis are as follows:

Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis

Here is list of the methods for treating Ulcerative Colitis:

Source URL: https://alldiseases.org/ulcerative-colitis/