What are the causes, treatment and diagnosis of Dental Decay?

April 08 00:59 2019 Print This Article

It is defined as a disorder in which there is a loss of tooth structure. It starts slowly and involves the complete teeth. There are many factors which can lead to this disorder. It starts slowly with involving different layers of teeth. It may be brown or black in color. It is a progressive disease in which there is a role of micro organisms which involve the hard tissues of tooth which are present in the oral environment. This leads to loss of minerals of the inorganic portion of teeth and the loss of organic portion of teeth leading to cavity formation.

What are the signs and symptoms of dental decay?

It includes the sensitivity to cold followed by sensitivity to hot. It leads to the pain at end. The pain is radiating and is non bearable. It increases during the night time as the patient lies down. He is not able to eat or drink anything. He has a constant and a throbbing pain. He is not able to sleep properly. In severe cases one may see a swelling later on.

What are the causes of dental decay?

It includes the role of micro organisms mainly the bacteria. The most common bacteria responsible for this disorder are streptococcus. The second most common bacteria are lacto bacilli. They are mostly of anaerobic type.

How dental decay can be treated?

It includes the type and extent of caries. If the caries is present in dentin and is reversible in nature it can be treated with the help of restoration. If the caries is present in pulp and is irreversible in nature it can be treated with the help of root canal treatment.

How dental decay is diagnosed?

It is done with the help of visual as well as tactile examination. The other methods can be conventional as well as digital radiograph. One can also go for dyes which help in the detection of caries. The recent methods of diagnosis are diagnodent and trans illumination.

How dental decay is spread in the world?

This disorder is more common in the developing countries. It is increasing at a greater rate in the developing countries. But in the developed countries its rate has declined. In the developed countries the caries has increased among the adults as well as children. In few countries such as US, UK, New Zealand, Norway and Sweden the rate of caries has decreased. It is due to the presence of water fluoridation in community. Increase in knowledge about the oral hygiene. There is an increase in dental man power too.

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