Toxic Shock Syndrome

by andywalsh | December 22, 2019 9:56 pm

Toxic shock syndrome is a severe disease that involves fever, shock, and problems with the function of several body organs. TSS is a systemic illness, which means that it affects the whole body. It can be caused by one of two different types of bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes. GAS is an aerobic gram-positive organism that forms chains and is an important cause of soft tissue infections. TSS is a rare but potentially serious illness that can develop quickly in anyone – men, women and children.

In 1980, an outbreak of toxic shock syndrome occurred that mostly involved young women who had been using a particular brand of superabsorbent tampons. Toxic shock syndrome did not become familiar until an epidemic inĀ 1981, linked to women using tampons. Toxic shock syndrome featured in general public news in the early 1980s when an epidemic occurred. TSS has been linked to many bacterial infections, including pneumonia, osteomyelitis, sinusitis, and skin and gynecologic infections.

TSS is a rare bacteria-caused illness occurring mostly in menstruating women who use high absorbency tampons. These bacteria can produce toxins – proteins that act as poisons. In some people whose bodies can’t fight these toxins, the immune system reacts. TSS is a toxin-mediated disease. Endotoxin toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1) is the major toxin produced by strains of S aureus that are responsible for causing TSS.

Different bacterial toxins may cause toxic shock syndrome, depending on the situation. Since then manufacturers have made changes to tampon production and the number of cases of tampon-induced toxic shock syndrome has dropped significantly. An increasing number of severe GAS infections associated with shock and organ failure have been reported. Signs and symptoms of toxic shock syndrome develop suddenly, and the disease can be fatal.

Causes of Toxic Shock Syndrome

The comman causes of Toxic Shock Syndrome include the following:

Symptoms of Toxic Shock Syndrome

Some sign and symptoms related to Toxic Shock Syndrome include the following:

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