What Is Teething?

April 02 23:52 2019 Print This Article

It is defined as a disorder in which there is an eruption of the infant teeth and it can occur with the gums. It is also known as cutting of teeth. It is also known as Odontiasis.

What are the signs and symptoms of teething?

It includes the starting of symptoms with the eruption of teeth. It starts when he is 4 month old. It leads to problem in the jaw as the teeth erupt. Below the surface of gum tissue the area occur as a red or swollen. In few cases fluid can be filled in those areas and are known as blood blisters. When the teeth erupt they are quite sensitive. The problem occurs when the molars erupt as they require more of surface to erupt and can cause discomfort. There is not much problem in the eruption of all teeth except the third molars that have trouble in erupting.

It can cause following symptoms such as increase in the drooling and decrease in the duration of sleep due to discomfort. There is inability to eat the food and one puts the hand in mouth. There is a small rash near the mouth as a result of irritation due to increase in the drooling. When the molar erupt the patient rubs the ear or cheek due to the referred pain.

How teething can be treated?

There is a home based as well as medicine based treatment. There are few medicines that can be given to relief the pain. They must be placed on the gums and they numb the gum tissue. They may cause discomfort to children as they are not good in taste. This medicine must not go to throat as it may lead to problem in the normal reflex action. So, the food can even enter the lungs. It is not a good idea to use these medicines. One must never use alcohol. One can take few drugs orally like ibuprofen and acetaminophen. In the infants ibuprofen must not be given which is less than 6 months old. When the home based treatments do not work than the drugs must be used.

The home based treatments include the placing of a little pressure on the gums. The parents must rub the gums with a finger which is clean or the child must bite on a wash cloth which is clean. There is a problem in the eating due to pain so one can go for a cup to feed the patient. One can take cold objects which can control the inflammation. One can use pieces of ice along with a wash clothes which are frozen. These objects must be placed for a short period of time on the gums.

How teething can be prevented?

It includes the maintenance of oral hygiene even before the teeth erupt. The cleaning must be done twice a day. It must be done with the help of wash rag and it proves to be quite effective treatment. One can also use fluorides which prevents the formation of cavities. The amount of fluoride ingestion by a child must be measured. It depends on the age of child and concentration of fluoride in the drinking water. The excess of fluoride may lead to fluorosis. It leads to the appearance of stains on the child. These are permanent in nature. In the first three years of life the teeth of child are more prone to fluorosis so when the child is less than 3 year old the fluoridated toothpaste are not recommended. During the sleep time child must not be given anything to drink especially milk or drinks. The sticky fruit must also be avoided.

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