Syphilis

December 22 21:48 2019 Print This Article

Syphilis is a transmitted infection (STI) caused by a bacterium called Treponema pallidum. It has often been called “the great imitator” because so many of the signs and symptoms are indistinguishable from those of other diseases. Although primary and secondary syphilis in the United States declined by almost 90 percent from 1990 to 2000, the number of cases rose from 5,979 in 2000 to 7,352 in 2004.

The oldest, and still most effective, method is to inject benzathine penicillin into each buttock ( procaine is added to make the pain bearable); the dose must be given half in each buttock because the amount given would be too painful if given in a single injection. Syphilis cannot be spread through contact with toilet seats, doorknobs, swimming pools, hot tubs, bathtubs, shared clothing, or eating utensils.

Syphilis is a bacterial infection usually transmitted by contact. The route of transmission of syphilis is almost invariably by contact; however, there are examples of direct contact infections (see yaws ) and of congenital syphilis (transmission from mother to child in utero. Syphilis also disproportionately affects African-Americans. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection and syphilis are linked. Syphilis increases the risk of both transmitting and getting infected with HIV (the virus that causes AIDS).

Causes of Syphilis

The comman causes of include Syphilis the following:

  • Transmission most often occurs when one person comes into contact with lesions on an infected person through activity.
  • Men are more vulnerable to contracting syphilis than women.
  • The active disease is found most often among¬†men and women aged 15-39 years.
  • You cannot catch syphilis from towels, baths, toilets, or crockery.
  • It’s caused by the bacteria called Treponema pallidum that enters the body through the mucous membranes of the genital area or the skin.

Symptoms of Syphilis

Some sign and symptoms related to Syphilis are as follows:

  • feeling generally unwell, fever, extreme tiredness and malaise, headaches
  • wart-looking growths on the genitals
  • Fever
  • mucous patches (painless silvery ulcerations of mucous membranes — seen mostly in the mouth and on the genitals)
  • Joint pain
  • Muscle aches
  • During this phase, the heart, brain, skin, and bones are at risk. Luckily, with the advent of penicillin, this phase is very rarely seen today

Treatment of Syphilis

Here is list of the methods for treating Syphilis:

  • The usual treatment for syphilis is a course of antibiotic injections.
  • The antibiotic of choice is penicillin, yet doxycycline may be used as an alternative in individuals with a penicillin allergy.
  • Pregnant women with a history of allergic reaction to penicillin should undergo penicillin desensitization followed by appropriate penicillin therapy.
  • After appropriate antibiotic treatment is given for syphilis, follow up blood tests (RPR) are usually performed to assess the adequacy of treatment.
  • Only antibiotic therapy will treat this infection. You must seek medical care for this disease.
  • Syphilis is treated with antibiotics
  • The reaction is quite common, develops within several hours after beginning antibiotic treatment, and usually clears within 24 hours.