What are the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease?

April 19 22:50 2019 Print This Article

As the disease progress the symptoms include the:

1. Irritation
2. Confusion
3. Change in mood
4. Inability to speak properly
5. Loss of memory in the long term
6. Decrease in the senses.
7. Loss of functions of the body.
8. Death

It is very difficult to have an idea about the outcome of this disease known as prognosis. The time span of this disease is not constant. It becomes full blown after some time interval. It can go undetected for few years. The average individual after this diagnosis is able to live for seven years only. There are very few patients who are able to live for more than seven years after the disease is known.

The cause and the method how the disease spread is controversial. It is linked with the presence of some thickenings in the brain. It has been established in a number of studies. There is no treatment which can stop or delay the progression of disease. The treatments which are used now help in the benefit which is not much. The treatment can be based on the symptoms only. The best way to deal with this disease is with the help of brain stimulation exercise along with a balanced diet. There are number of life style changes which can be done to prevent this disease. There is no proof between the changes in the brain and the breakdown of multiple systems of brain.

One must be able to manage this condition as it cannot be cured and leads to the destructive changes. The wife of the patient or his close friend plays a crucial role in the dealing with this disease. They are referred as the care givers. They play a crucial role in sharing the burden of this disease. It is very expensive disease to deal with mainly in the developed countries. It involves all the different elements of the care givers life including physical, social and economic.

What are the phases of Dimentia?

It includes the different phases which are as follows:

Pre-dementia

The first symptoms could be aging or stress.

1. A good neuropsychological testing can tell us about the small behavioral difficulties in a young child before a individual meets the clinical requirement for diagnosis of AD.

2. These early symptoms can affect the most day to day living activities. The most common problem is memory loss, which shows up as difficulty in remembering recently learned lessons and the loss of ability to learn new information.

3. There are few problems linked with the lack of attention, planning and thinking about the meanings of words along with the relationships which are based on the concepts. In the early stage of this disease these problems are related to the symptoms. The most common neuro psychiatric symptom is the suppression of emotions. It occurs when the disease is progressing. Before the clinical symptoms of this disease occur it is also known as the mild behavioral disorder. But it is not clear whether it is a first stage of the disease or it is something else.

Early dementia

1. In people with this disorder the increasing problem of learning and memory leads to a proper diagnosis.

2. There are other problems which are common than the loss of memory and includes the problem in speaking, occurrence of the movements, and lack of awareness. It effects different memory capacities accordingly. The older memories, things what the person have learned and the memory dealing with the daily activities are not affected much.

3. When there is a problem in the language than it shows a decrease in the fluency and a person’s ability to speak few words. There is a problem in the speaking as well as listening the words. But he has the ability to tell about the basic ideas and can perform few deeds. There is a problem seen in writing, drawing or to dress him. But these things are not known. The patients with these diseases have the ability to perform the functions independently and can need help in the activities which demand more.

Moderate dementia

The increase in the break down interferes with the independence; with patients not able to perform most common activities of daily routine. Speech difficulties become common as a result of an inability to remember the words, which leads to common incorrect speaking of word known as (paraphasias). Reading and writing ability is slowly lost. The complex motor activities are not properly coordinated and the patient may also lose the ability to stand properly as the disease progresses. The memory problems increase a lot and it may be a possibility that the person loses the ability to recognize its friends or relatives. The long term memory may become worse if the condition keeps on progressing.

Behavioral and neuropsychiatric changes become more common. Common consequences of this problem are:

• Irritability
• Leading to crying
• Wandering
• Outbursts of unknown aggression or
• Problem in the care giving.
• One third of the patients develop false misidentifications and other unknown symptoms. The patients lose the interest of their disease process and its disadvantages which is known as (Anosognosia).
• Inability to hold the urine can develop. These symptoms leads to stress among relatives and friends, which can be decreased by shifting the person from home to the hospitals.

Advanced dementia

During the last stage of the disease, the patient is fully dependent on friends and relatives. Language is decreased to simple phrases or even single words, which leads to inability to speak. The patients can often understand and return emotional signals even there is a loss of verbal speaking ability. The patient is still aggressive but he has lost the ability to be aware and get exhaust very often. The patient cannot perform even the simple tasks by its own. He needs some help always. The mass of muscles and health breaks down a lot. The patient lies on the bed and cannot eat himself. The cause of death may be pneumonia or ulcers. The disease itself cannot lead to the death.

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