What Is A South American Blasto Mycosis Disease?

March 22 22:20 2019 Print This Article

It is defined as a disorder in which there is a mycosis caused due to the fungus known as P. Brasiliensis. It is also known as the para coccidio mycosis. It is a different fungus which leads to blasto mycosis. The causative agent is fungus in the different forms and there is a presence of this organism in different parts of the world. It is aquatic in habitat. In the biopsy the fungus looks like yeast as a pilot wheel look like.

What are the signs and symptoms of South American blasto mycosis disease?

It includes the lungs which has a lobar pneumonia. It does not show any remission at 10th day. It includes the cough; lose weight as well as febrile. The x ray tells the miilliary shadow in the field of lung. Later on, the organs such as meninges, arteries as well as bones and spleen are also involved.

What are the causes of South American blasto mycosis disease?

It includes the P. Brasiliensis. It is a different fungus which leads to blasto mycosis. The causative agent is fungus in the different forms and there is a presence of this organism in different parts of the world. It is aquatic in habitat. The other reason is not known.

How South American blasto mycosis disease can be diagnosed?

It includes the use of biopsy. The affected tissue must be seen under the microscope. It has yeast which is helm shape and the agent is seen in the culture. In the endemic areas serology can be done.

How South American blasto mycosis disease can be treated?

It can be treated with the help of a sulfonamide. It was introduced by O Riberio and is used for more than 5 decades. The sulfa drugs which are used in the market are sulfa di methoxime, sulfadiazine as well as the co trimoxazole. Its treatment is safe and it has several side effects. The most common side effect is the agranulocytosis as well as stevens Johnson syndrome. It is quite similar to the tuberculosis treatment and must continue for 3 years. The fungus is removed and there is a failure of the treatment and relapse is common.

One can also use anti fungal drugs like amphotericin B and ketoconazole. It clears the infection and is quite expensive. In therapy fibrosis can occur and one must go for surgery. It can lead to addisonian crisis. 10 percent of the people die.

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