Sjogren’s Syndrome

December 22 21:45 2019 Print This Article

Sjögren’s (“SHOW-grins”) syndrome is a chronic disease in which white blood cells attack the moisture-producing glands. Sjogren’s syndrome characterized by the abnormal production of extra antibodies in the blood that are directed against various tissues of the body. It is an autoimmune disorder in which immune cells attack and destroy the glands that produce tears and saliva. Two distinct forms of Sjogren’s syndrome are recognized known as primary and secondary Sjogren’s.Yet Sjogren’s syndrome is more than just a simple set of symptoms.

Sjogren’s syndrome that involves the gland inflammation (resulting in dryness of the eyes and mouth, etc.), but not associated with a connective tissue disease, is referred to as primary Sjogren’s syndrome. In most cases, Sjögren’s is an occasionally annoying but treatable condition that should not affect a person’s quality of life. Not only are its root causes unknown, but there is not even worldwide agreement on the criteria for diagnosing Sjogren’s Syndrome.

Sjogren’s syndrome is also associated with rheumatic disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis. It is one of the most prevalent autoimmune disorders, striking as many as four million Americans. There is increased debris and mucus strands within the tear film, seen best after blinking. Tiny punctate opacities are seen throughout the corneal surface. These rheumatic diseases are marked by inflammation of your connective tissues, and it’s common for people with Sjogren’s syndrome to also have a connective tissue disorder.

Dry mouth or difficulty eating dry foods, and swelling of the glands around the face and neck are also common. Some patients experience dryness of other mucous membranes (such as the nasal passages, throat) and skin.In Sjogren’s syndrome, your immune system attacks healthy tissue. Sjogren’s syndrome can also result in damage to tissues of your lungs, kidneys and liver.

Causes of Sjogren’s Syndrome

The comman causes of Sjogren’s Syndrome include the following:

  • Researchers believe Sjogren’s syndrome is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
  • Viral infections.
  • Heredity.
  • Hormones.
  • Patients with autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus often also have Sjogren’s syndrome.
  • A person who has a Sjogren’s-associated gene gets a viral infection.

Symptoms of Sjogren’s Syndrome

Some sign and symptoms related to Sjogren’s Syndrome are as follows:

  • Dry eyes/mouth.
  • Swelling.
  • Difficulty chewing or swallowing.
  • Oral yeast infections, such as candidiasis.
  • Irritation and mild bleeding in your nose.
  • Swollen salivary glands.
  • Severe dental cavities caused by dry mouth.
  • Dry cough that doesn’t produce sputum.
  • Joint pain, swelling and stiffness.
  • Fatigue.
  • Fever.
  • Hoarseness.

Treatment of Sjogren’s Syndrome

Here is list of the methods for treating Sjogren’s Syndrome:

  • For dry mouth, sip water throughout the day; seek treatment for oral yeast infections; use saliva substitutes; and have frequent dental visits to prevent cavities.
  • Have frequent dental checkups.
  • Use mouth rinses that contain fluoride.
  • Use humidifiers in the rooms where you spend much of your time, including your bedroom.
  • For dry skin, use moisturizers.
  • Try lubricating ointments or small, long-acting pellets for overnight or long-lasting relief.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): This group of medications, which includes aspirin, helps relieve both pain and inflammation.
  • Saline nasal sprays can help keep the inside of the nose moist. Decongestant sprays should be avoided, as these can worsen the dryness.