What are the signs, symptoms and treatment of Gonorrhea or Gonorrhoea?

April 25 21:46 2019 Print This Article

One of the most common sexually transmitted diseases “Gonorrhea”.

It is disease caused by “Neisseria gonorrhea” bacteria also known as “Gonococcus” it is also called as “GC: by physicians. It is transmitted by sexually contacts through an infected partner. The “Neisseria gonorrhea” bacteria generally reside in the body where there is humidity, like in body parts reproductive organs especially there mucous membrane.

What are the signs and symptoms of Gonorrhea?

Usually STD do not have any specific signs and symptoms but apart from laboratory test the signs and symptoms of Gonorrhea depends upon many factors like the body part that is affected, the extent of time period of infection by “Neisseria gonorrhea” bacteria and the gender it has infected as it shows delayed onset of symptoms in females as compared to males. Though it not treated can lead to much health related problems. The difference it shows in the different gender (male and female) are given below.

In Women

• It can lead to irregular bleeding
• yellow colored release of secretion from vagina along with discomfort of female reproductive organs
• Feeling of painful sensation while micturition
• If the infection spreads to cervix area can lead to infected Fallopian tubes
• Chances of getting gonococcal septicemia is more in women then men

In Men

• Hematuria
• Painful sensation and irregular micturition
• Increase in the rate of urination
• Enlarged groin
• Yellowish -white colored release of secretion from the penis
• Sometimes emission of pus from penis
• Painful male reproductive organs

What are the other complications associated with Gonorrhea?

The Gonorrhea infection can affect any age group and any gender of sex. As it can bee seen in children it causes blindness known by an eye disease called “Gonococcal” if the mother is infected while her pregnancy. The risk of Blood infection by Gonorrhea and of HIV increases a many times a fold. The chances of Pelvic inflammatory condition in women and Epididymitis and Chlamydia in males are also some of the complications associated with Gonorrhea.

How can Gonorrhea be diagnosed?

Since Gonorrhea is usually asymptomatic the most reliable source for it’s diagnose is the Laboratory testing. It can be diagnosed by taking a urine sample.

How can Gonorrhea be treated?

Mostly if one partner has Gonorrhea the chances of the other partner getting it also increases, so there is a need to for both the partners to go for its management at similar time. Since Gonorrhea infected people usually also gets the complication of Chlamydia with it, there is a need for treatment for the both simultaneously.

The use of some Antibiotics like Ciprofloxacin, ceftriaxone etc. Although some types of Gonorrhea are Penicillin resistant so other spectrum of Antibiotics should be used.

How Gonorrhea can be prevented?

This bacterial condition can be prevented by the regular hygienic measures like proper hand washing every time after going to toilet. Avoidance of any kind of sexual activity while one is infected or undergoing treatment for it. Use of condom in order to prevent Gonorrhea and other sexually transmitting diseases. One must go for a regular screening test for oneself and for the partner.

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