Rabies

by andywalsh | December 22, 2019 9:26 pm

Rabies is a preventable viral disease of mammals most often transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal.  Each year, it kills more than 50,000 people and millions of animals around the world.In non-vaccinated humans, rabies is almost invariably fatal after neurological symptoms have developed, but prompt post-exposure vaccination may prevent the virus from progressing. Most animals can be infected by the virus and can transmit the disease to man. Infected bats, raccoons, foxes, skunks, dogs or cats provide the greatest risk to humans. In Europe the virus is mainly carried by the fox.

The first symptoms of rabies are usually non-specific and suggest involvement of the respiratory, gastrointestinal and/or central nervous systems. The virus is transmitted in saliva from the bite of an infected animal. The virus will begin shedding in saliva a short time before clinical signs develop, usually less than 10 days. Man is occasionally infected, and once infection is established in the CNS, the outcome is almost invariably fatal.

Rabies is found on all continents except Antarctica. Rabies virus infects the central nervous system, causing encephalopathy and ultimately death. In the United States, rabies has been reported in every state except Hawaii. The period between infection and the first flu -like symptoms is normally three to twelve weeks, but can be as long as two years. It is one of the oldest and most feared diseases reported in medical literature. Incidence of rabies is widespread throughout the world.

Two imported cases of rabies occurred in 2001, one was acquired in Nigeria and the other in the Philippines. The main route of transmission is the bites of rabid dogs. Most of the children who die from rabies were not treated or did not receive adequate post-exposure treatment. If you recognize the warning signs of a rabies infection early and get medical help, your child can make a full recovery. If someone gets bitten by an animal that has rabies, quick treatment can prevent the illness.

Causes of Rabies

The comman causes of Rabies include the following:

Symptoms of Rabies

Some sign and symptoms related to Rabies are as follows:

Treatment of Rabies

Here is list of the methods for treating Rabies:

Source URL: https://alldiseases.org/rabies-2/