What Is A Nail Clubbing Disease?

March 22 22:13 2019 Print This Article

It is defined as a disorder in which there is a problem in the finger as well as in finger nails. It is in link with the heart as well as lungs. It was Hippocrates who was the one who use the term clubbing. They are also known as the Hippocratic fingers. It is also known as the drum stick finger and watch glass nails. The reason can be unknown also and in more than half of the cases the factor is not known.

What are the signs and symptoms of Nail clubbing disease?

It includes the different stages. In the stage one there is a softening as well as changes in the nail bed. Then there is a loss of the angle in between the fold as well as nail bed. There is increase in the convexity in the nail fold. There is increase in the size of distal part of finger and it resembles a drum stick. There is a shine as well as striations seen in the skin as well as nail are apposed directly.

There is a schamroths test which is used to test the clubbing. The distal phalanges of fingers of opposite hand they are apposed directly. In the nail bed there is a small diamond shape window. As the window is closed the test results are positive and there is a presence of clubbing.

What are the causes of Nail clubbing disease?

It includes that the cause is not known. There are many theories which are causative agents. It says that the vaso dilation along with the secretion of growth factors. It includes the involvement of lungs. One sees a prostaglandin metabolism in the osteo arthropathy and increases there is a PGE2 production and it is the main causative factor.

How Nail clubbing disease can be diagnosed?

It includes the use of visual examination. One must also take medical history. Other diagnostic tests are the chest x ray as well as CT scan. There is a schamroths test which is used to test the clubbing. The distal phalanges of fingers of opposite hand they are apposed directly. In the nail bed there is a small diamond shape window. One can also go for clinical examination of heart, lung as well as the gastro intestinal functions.

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