Lyme Disease

by andywalsh | December 22, 2019 9:19 pm

In Europe, another bacterium, Borrelia afzelii, also causes Lyme disease. In 1975, unusually large numbers of children in Lyme, Conn., were diagnosed with what appeared to be juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Lyme disease or Lyme borreliosis is the most common tick-borne disease in North America and Europe, and the second fastest-growing infectious disease in the United States after AIDS. Lyme disease is caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected blacklegged ticks.

The rural location of the Lyme outbreak and the onset of illness during summer and early fall suggested that the transmission of the disease was by an arthropod vector. The disease is reported worldwide and throughout the United States. The disease affects both humans and animals. Even in endemic areas, not all deer ticks are infected with the bacteria that cause Lyme disease, and only a small percentage of people or pets bitten by a deer tick actually become sick.

Lyme disease may cause symptoms affecting the skin, nervous system, heart and/or joints of an individual. Lyme disease is diagnosed based on symptoms, physical findings (e.g., rash), and the possibility of exposure to infected ticks; laboratory testing is helpful in the later stages of disease. The disease is carried by deer ticks and western black-legged ticks (found mostly on the Pacific Coast). These ticks are about the size of a sesame seed.

These ticks acquire the bacteria from mice and then infect humans by biting them and passing the bacteria into a person’s bloodstream. Lyme disease has been reported in 49 states and on four different continents. The is growing concern that Dermacentor variabilis (the American dog tick) may also be capable of transmitting the disease.Still, it’s important to take common-sense precautions in areas where Lyme disease is prevalent. Delayed or inadequate treatment may often lead to a chronic illness that is disabling and difficult to treat.

Causes of Lyme Disease

The comman causes of Lyme Disease include the following:

Symptoms of Lyme Disease

Some sign and symptoms related to Lyme Disease are as follows:

Treatment of Lyme Disease

Here is the list of the methods for treating Lyme Disease:

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