Lupus of the Skin – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

March 27 01:21 2019 Print This Article

Lupus of the Skin is characterized by fever, skin lesions, joint pain or arthritis and anemia, and often affecting the kidneys, spleen, and various other organs. The disease primarily affect women of childbearing age and have a variety of clinical forms Patients with lupus produce abnormal antibodies in their blood that target tissues within their own body rather than foreign infectious agents.When internal organs are involved, the condition is called systemic lupuserythematosus. Drug-induced lupus erythematosus occurs as a result of a hypersensitivity reaction to a medication. The drug may react with cell materials, causing the body to react to itself and form antinuclear antibodies. Lupus is characterized by periods of illness, called flares, and periods of wellness, or remission.

Understanding how to prevent flares and how to treat them when they do occur helps people with lupus maintain better health. Intense research is underway, and scientists funded by the NIH are continuing to make great strides in understanding the disease, which may ultimately lead to a cure. Two of the major questions researchers are studying are who gets lupus and why. We know that many more women than men have lupus. Lupus is three times more common in African American women than in Caucasian women and is also more common in women of Hispanic, Asian, and Native American descent. In addition, lupus can run in families, but the risk that a child or a brother or sister of a patient will also have lupus is still quite low. It is difficult to estimate how many people in the United States have the disease because its symptoms vary widely and its onset is often hard to pinpoint.

Lupus is an autoimmune disease. A normal healthy immune system recognises and destroys foreign objects like bacteria and viruses. This causes inflammation. Inflammation causes swelling, pain, and tissue damage throughout the body. If you develop severe lupus, you may have problems with your kidneys, heart, lungs, nervous system, or blood cells. Lupus is the common name for systemic lupus erythematosus, also called SLE. Although some people with lupus have only mild symptoms, the disease is lifelong and can become severe. But most people can control their symptoms and prevent severe damage to their organs. They do this by seeing their doctors often for checkups, getting enough rest and exercise, and taking medicines. This topic focuses on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), the most common and most serious type of lupus. But there are four other types of lupus: discoid or cutaneous lupus, drug-induced systemic lupus, neonatal lupus, and subacute cutaneous lupus.

Causes of Lupus of the Skin

Find common causes and risk factors of Lupus of the Skin:

  • The injuries in the vessels may also contribute in the formation of lupus erythematosus.
  • They increase the tendency of developing autoimmune diseases, and autoimmune diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis and immune thyroid disorders are more common among relatives of patients with lupus than the general population.
  • The pain in the joints, mal lead to the condition of lupus erythermatosus.
  • such as viruses, the ultraviolet rays in sunlight, Silica dust, and allergies to medications are among the main causes of lupus erythermatosus.
  • Reversible drug-induced lupus ; The drugs which are responsible for lupus are procainamide (Procanbid), hydralazine (Apresoline), and isoniazid (Laniazid).

Signs and Symptoms of Lupus of the Skin

Sign and symptoms may include the following:

  • Swollen joints.
  • Red rashes.
  • Chest pain.
  • Weight loss.
  • Loss of vision.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Fatigueness.

Treatment for Lupus of the Skin

Treatment may include:

  • Corticosteroids such as prednisone ( Deltasone ) and other immunosuppressive drugs such as azathioprine (Imuran) , cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan), and cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune).
  • Conservative treatment include ibuprofen ( Motrin, Advil) and naproxen (Naprosyn) and are appropriate for patients with muscle or joint pain, fatigue, skin manifestations (such as rashes), and other features that are not life-threatening.
  • For people with joint or chest pain or fever, drugs that decrease inflammation, called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), are often used. NSAIDs may be used alone or in combination with other types of drugs to control pain, swelling, and fever.
  • Antimalarials are another type of drug commonly used to treat lupus. A common antimalarial used to treat lupus is hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil).

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