What Is Leukoplakia?

April 03 00:21 2019 Print This Article

It is defined as a disorder in which there is a formation of white patch in the oral cavity. It cannot be removed and stripped and is difficult to differentiate.

What are the signs and symptoms of Leukoplakia?

It occurs in both the males as well as females who are of middle age. It can involve many areas of the body. It is bit common in males as they chew a lot of tobacco. The most commonly involved areas are buccal mucosa and the corner of mouth. It is followed by the tongue, ridges and other parts of the oral mucosa. The lesions are thick and there is a formation of fissure. The size of lesion keeps on changing. Some of them have a smooth and some have a rough surface. The roughness is related to the deposition of keratin. The thickness of patch keeps on changing. The floor of mouth has an irregular pattern. In most of the cases there are no symptoms but in few cases there is a pain along with a burning sensation.

What are the different types of Leukoplakia?

It is mainly of three types and includes the homogenous, ulcerative and nodular types. In case of homogenous leukoplakia there is a presence of multiple white patches which have a smooth surface with improper margins. They remain constant throughout.

In case of ulcerative leukoplakia there is a combination of red and white lesions. There are many keratin nodules which are present. They have a red centre along with a yellow coating.

In case of nodular leukoplakia there is a combination of red and white lesions. There are many keratin nodules which are present. These have a highest risk of leading to cancer occurrence.

How Leukoplakia can be diagnosed?

It includes the use of histo pathological methods along with a biopsy. The affected part is cut and fixed with a formalin solution and is looked under the microscope.

How Leukoplakia can be treated?

It includes that there is no specific treatment for this disorder. One must identify the cause for it and must act against it. In most of the cases corticosteroids can also be used. They must be applied topically. Systemic application must be avoided as long as possible. One can also give steroids in the lesions as in the form of injections and are known as intra lesion administration. One can also go for surgery mainly the cryo surgery which is done at very low temperatures. One can also give few doses of vitamin A.

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