Lentigines – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

March 27 01:07 2019 Print This Article

Lentigines, also known as sun spots, age spots or liver spots, are harmless, flat, brown discolorations of the skin which usually occur on the back of the hands, neck and face of people older than 40 years of age. These spots more than anything else, give away a person’s age. Lentigines are caused by the skin being exposed to the sun over many years. If you do not believe that these brown, ugly marks on the back of your hands and face are caused by sunlight, look at the skin on your inner thigh. You will see that the skin of the inner thigh is completely devoid of age spots. Sun spots are harmless and do not need to be treated unless they are changing or getting bigger than the surrounding sun spots.

Causes of Lentigines

Find common causes and risk factors of Lentigines:

  • The cause of the lentigines is unknown. However there may be some condition where it can be thought to cause.
  • The causes may include mild pulmonic stenosis and changes in the ECG. Affected people may have abnormal cryptorchidism, hypogonadism, or delayed puberty.
  • Lentigines are more abundant in fair-skinned whites than in dark-skinned individuals, in whom the disease is distinctly uncommon because they have a greater amount of natural pigment that provides some degree of photoprotection.

Signs and Symptoms of Lentigines

Sign and symptoms may include the following:

  • These generally occur on the neck and trunk.
  • There may be prominent ears.
  • There may also wet set eyes.
  • Cafe-au-lait spots may also be the symptoms.
  • There may be situation of late puberty or no puberty at all.

Treatment for Lentigines

Treatment may include:

  • The cosmetic appearance of your skin may be improved by the use of skin bleaching lotions or creams.
  • Cryosurgery is a simple treatment for isolated lentigines. In this surgery the lentigenes are made to freeze by use of liquid nitrogen. These are removed by itself after this treatment.
  • Re-occurrence or appearance of new spots may be minimized by using a high-protection sunscreen lotion.
  • Topical vitamin C treatment is effective for treating sun spots. Topical vitamin C works well when used in combination with alpha hydroxyacids.
  • Retin-A cream is applied to the spots once a day for six months. This will cause lightening of large age spots and will make small ones disappear. Retin-A cream can be used in combination with alpha hydroxyacid.
  • Liquid nitrogen therapy is the quickest way to get rid of lentigines. Liquid nitrogen is air that is so cold that it is in liquid form (-321ºF). The health care provider sprays the liquid nitrogen onto the age spot and this causes the mark to turn white a month or so after treatment. When liquid nitrogen is sprayed onto the skin, it can sting and may cause a permanent white spot or scar.
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