What Is A Hepatitis A?

May 01 21:30 2019 Print This Article

It is defined as a disorder in which there is an infection of the liver. It is caused by the hepatitis A virus. It is also known as infectious hepatitis. It is transferred by the oral fecal route. It is transmitted by the contaminated food and water. There are millions of people which are affected by it. It is present throughout the world. There is a time gap between the infection and occurrence of symptoms and is referred as the incubation period. Its duration is between 2 to 6 weeks and is there for a month.

The chances of infection are quite high in case of developing countries and the hygiene is not so good. The child gets this infection early in its age. This virus has also been found in the ocean water. In most of the cases this disorder does not show any signs and symptoms. It is not unique and special. In the America and other developed countries the infection occurs as a result of the young adults which are affected. They have high chances of getting a disease.

It has no chronic stage and it occurs by the permanent injury to liver. After getting the infection, the anti bodies are produced in a system who acts against the virus. It helps to act against the future infections. This infection can be prevented with the help of vaccines and vaccine for the hepatitis A.

What are the signs and symptoms of Hepatitis A?

It is transferred by the oral fecal route. It is transmitted by the contaminated food and water. It resembles to influenza a lot. The child gets this infection early in its age. This virus has also been found in the ocean water. In most of the cases this disorder does not show any signs and symptoms. It is not unique. The incubation period duration is between 2 to 6 weeks. After few months, the symptoms can occur which may lead to the fatigue, nausea, fever, pain in the abdomen and diarrhea. There is a depression, itching and loss in the weight too. The bile is excreted in urine. He feels like smoking cigarette. There is a pain in the abdomen followed by jaundice. His feces are light in color as a result of absence of bilirubin in bile.

How Hepatitis A can be diagnosed?

It includes the use of few antibodies. The virus is excreted at the end of incubation period. There is an IgM antibody which is present in the blood. It occurs after there is an acute infection. It is present after a week or two and continues for the 14 weeks. There is an IgG antibody which denotes to the acute illness stage of disease. In this acute stage there is a presence of the alanine transferase enzyme which is secreted by the liver and is damaged by the virus. The hepatitis A virus is present in the blood and in feces too.

How Hepatitis A can be treated?

It includes that there is no specific treatment for this disorder. The individual with this disorder are told to rest, do not eat fatty food and alcohol. A diet must be well balanced and must drink a lot of water. In one tenth of the patient relapses can occur after the infection occurs.

How Hepatitis A can be prevented?

It includes that the infection can be prevented with the help of vaccines and vaccine for the hepatitis A. One must also maintain proper hygiene and sanitation. One must not surf or go into the ocean. It happens after there is a rain in a area near coast. There is a poor runoff area. In most of the cases of hepatitis A the protection is provided by the vaccines. The protection lasts for a decade. It has a hepatitis A virus which is not activated and provides a good immunity. In the year 1996, this vaccine was used against the children who were prone to infections. In the year 199 it moved to the children who belonged to and a have high levels of infection.

It is given by an injection which is placed in the muscle of upper arm. The initial dose gives protection for few weeks and the other dose is given after a year which protects for two decades.

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