What Is An Epidemic Typhus?

March 22 21:01 2019 Print This Article

It is defined as a disorder in which there is a common epidemic which is followed by the wars as well as disasters which are natural. It is also known as jail fever. Some authors also name it epidemic louse borne typhus. It leads to epidemics. It is caused by the R Prowazeki and human body louse transmits it. It feeds on the human who carries the bacillus and involves the louse and it grows in the gut. It is excreted in the feces. It is transmitted to the human who is not infected. It rubs the louse bit and rubs the feces and goes in the wound. The incubation period is of 7 to 14 days. It remains prone to infection in the louse which is dried. The typhus will involve the louse by the help of a disease. It remains active for many days in the louse which is no more.

What are the signs and symptoms of Epidemic typhus?

It includes the head ache which is severe, fever which is high, cough as well as rash. The other symptoms include the muscle pain which is very severe and is followed by the chills and fall in blood pressure. There is stupor sensitivity to light as well as delirium. The rash starts on the chest and starts few days after the fever starts. The rash appears on the other parts of the body such as extremities and trunks. Fever is the most common symptom seen in the case of typhus and there is other form of typhus which has the ability to occur again after the period of rest. In the case of immune suppressed patient it is quite common.

How Epidemic typhus can be treated?

It is mainly treated with the help of antibiotics and one can also take intra venous fluids as well as oxygen. Around 50 percent of the people die and it gets quite lower with the help of antibiotics which are given in the cell like tetracycline. They are used a week before. One can also go for the vaccination so that the infection can be prevented.

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