What Is Dentin Hypersensitivity?

April 02 23:47 2019 Print This Article

It is defined as a disorder in which there is a loss of tooth structures. It occurs with the involvement of mainly dentin and its reaction to hot as well as cold substances. The enamel is not fully present and the dentin is exposed. It happens when the nerves inside the dentin are exposed to the environment. It can range from the irritation as well as shooting pain. It happens due to the decay, exposure of roots of teeth and wear.

What is the structure of Dentin?

Dentin has countless dentinal tubules which move outwards from the pulp. They are very small in size. They have a fluid and movement of the fluid in the dentinal tubules can lead to pain as well as sensitivity to hot and cold. It increases by coldness, dryness, sugar and the forces which act on teeth. These conditions are stimulated by hot as well as cold things.

What are the signs and symptoms of Dentin hypersensitivity?

It includes the range from the irritation as well as shooting pain. It happens due to the decay, exposure of roots of teeth. This condition can also occur due to the reflux of acids by the problem in gastro intestine. The acid can reach the stomach and lead to the loss of enamel and do not allow the process of re mineralization.

How Dentin hypersensitivity can be treated?

There is no specific treatment for this disorder. However, one can go for few salts which can cover the dentinal tubules like strontium chloride, fluoride therapy and potassium nitrate. The most common agent is potassium nitrate which is used in the case of sensodent tooth pastes. It has been approved by the FDA. They form a cover over the dentinal tubules which do not allow the liquid to pass through it.

How Dentin hypersensitivity can be prevented?

It includes the use of soft brushes. It also includes the avoidance of any irritating factor. One must avoid alcohol, tobacco and cigarette smoking.

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