Cysts – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

March 19 21:57 2019 Print This Article

Cysts are harmless sac – like growth in the deeper layers of the skin, which are filled with liquid, gaseous, or semisolid substance. A cyst can vary in size from a tiny sac right up to a heavy bag containing litres of fluid. The common symptom is localised swelling, but a cyst may or may not be painful. Sometimes, depending on the cause and location, a cyst contains semi-solid or solid material. The typical treatment for any cyst is surgical removal and a routine test for cancer, even though most cysts are benign. A cyst may also be a sack that encloses an organism during a dormant period, such as in the case of certain parasites. This type of cyst may, for instance, protect a parasite from the churning acid of the stomach so it may pass through to the intestines unharmed where it can then break out. Cystic fibrosis is an example of a genetic disorder whereby cysts and fibrosis develop in the lungs.

A cyst is a closed pocket or pouch of tissue. It can be filled with air, fluid, pus, or other material. A collection of pus is called an abscess, not a cyst. Once formed, the cyst will remain in the tissue permanently and can be removed by surgery and by taking medication that will dissolve the “sac”. Cysts are common and can occur anywhere in the body in persons of any age. Cysts usually contain a gaseous, liquid, or semisolid substance. Cysts vary in size; they may be detectable only under a microscope or they can grow so large that they displace normal organs and tissues. The most common type of ovarian cyst is called a functional cyst, which often forms during the normal menstrual cycle. Each month, a woman’s ovaries grow tiny cysts that hold the eggs. When an egg is mature, the sac breaks open to release the egg, so it can travel through the fallopian tube for fertilization. Then the sac dissolves. In one type of functional cyst, called a follicular cyst, the sac doesn’t break open to release the egg and may continue to grow. This type of cyst usually disappears within one to three months. A corpus luteum cyst, another type of functional cyst, forms if the sac doesn’t dissolve. Fluid then builds up inside of it. This type of cyst usually goes away on its own after a few weeks. However, it can grow to almost four inches and may bleed or twist the ovary and cause pain. Clomid or Serophene, which are drugs used to induce ovulation, can raise the risk of getting this type of cyst.

Causes of Cysts

Find common causes and risk factors of Cysts

  • Sometimes, people who have multiple cysts have a family history of this problem.
  • Breast Cysts are caused by the production of too much estrogen hormone.
  • People who smoke are more prone to the development of large cysts. Cysts are also more likely to become infected in smokers.
  • Wear and tear” or simple obstructions to the flow of fluid.
  • Tumors.
  • An impact injury that pops a blood vessel, may lead to the condition of cyst formation.
  • Genetic (inherited) conditions.

Signs and Symptoms of Cysts

Sign and symptoms may include the following:

  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Weight gain.
  • Pressure, fullness, or pain in the abdomen.

Treatment for Cysts

Treatment may include:

  • Apply Milia Treatment thickly on problem area. Letting the cream settle into skin.
  • For residual marks, apply Skin Blemish Treatment.
  • An ovarian cyst may twist and cause severe abdominal pain as well as nausea and vomiting. This is an emergency, and an operation is necessary to correct it.
  • Your doctor may recommend birth control pills to reduce the chance of new cysts developing in future menstrual cycles. Oral contraceptives offer the added benefit of significantly reducing your risk of ovarian cancer the risk decreases the longer you take birth control pills.
  • The surgeon fills a woman’s abdomen with a gas and makes small incisions through which a thin scope (laparoscope) can pass into the abdomen. The surgeon identifies the cyst through the scope and may remove the cyst or take a sample from it.
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