What Is A Common Cold?

May 01 21:06 2019 Print This Article

It is defined as a disorder in which there is an involvement of the upper part of respiratory tree. It is viral in nature and can spread from one individual to other. It is also known as viral upper respiratory tract tree which is referred as the VURI. It is also known as cold. The virus which causes this disorder is corona viruses and rhino viruses. It causes sore throat, fever and a runny nose. It cannot be cured and it resolves its own. It takes one to two weeks to resolve. It is the most common infectious disease. In an average 50 percent of the adults suffer from it and also involves the children between ages 6 to 12 year old. These symptoms are quite similar to influenza. But the common cold does not involve the lungs but influenza does.

What are the signs and symptoms of common cold?

It includes the sore throat, fever and a runny nose. It cannot be cured and it resolves its own. It takes one to two weeks to resolve. These symptoms are quite similar to influenza. But the symptoms are quite harsh in case of influenza. The other symptoms are fatigue, pain in the head, shivering and do not feel like eating anything. In children the duration of cough is more and continues for more than 3 weeks.

The patient with this disorder also feels chilliness but the chills are linked with the fever.

How common cold can be treated?

It includes that there is no specific treatment for this disorder. It cannot be cured and it resolves its own. It takes one to two weeks to resolve. It includes the conservative and the alternative treatment. The treatment depends on the symptoms and it uses pain killers to treat headaches, sore throat and a fever.

The conservative treatment includes the use of pain killers and the medicines to counter the fever and to treat headaches, sore throat. It includes paracetamol and ibuprofen. The uses of other medicines have not been proven yet. One must gargle with the warm saline rinses and must take a plenty of rest with a lots of fluid so that the proper fluid level can be maintained. The role of antibiotics in case of viral infections is not of much use as they are also linked with the few side effects. There are no anti viral drugs which have been proven yet.

The alternative treatment includes the use of other medicines. But the results have not been effective. One can also opt for honey which is a home remedy.

What are the causes of common cold?

It is viral in nature and can spread from one individual to other. It is also known as viral upper respiratory tract tree. The virus which causes this disorder is corona viruses and rhino viruses. There are other viruses also which can lead to this disorder. It includes the adeno virus and entero virus and meta pneumo virus. The corona viruses mainly occur in the adults and cannot be grown in the laboratory. There are different types of viruses so it is difficult to treat this condition specifically.

There are few risk factors which can lead to this disorder. It includes the touching to eyes or nose. The chances of infection are increased with these touches. It can be transmitted to the respiratory tract infection. One must keep the hands clean and they must be washed regularly with the help of soap as well as water. They can also be cleaned with the alcohol based solutions. It decreases the chances of infection to spread from one individual to other. The chain of transfer of virus from one individual to other helps in the transfer of virus and must be broken.

The smoking affects the time of illness for more than 3 days.

The increase in risk of this disorder occurs with the decrease in level of Vitamin D. The lack of sleep during the night that is less than 7 hours increases the chance of this disorder. The common cold are specific in particular season and most commonly occur during the winter. It occurs due to the change in behavior like the increase in the time spent inside the home and closely with the other family members. The person is less exposed to the outside temperature. Some agree that the humidity also play a role in the transmission of this virus.

How common cold can be diagnosed?

It includes mainly the signs and symptoms such as the sore throat, fever and a runny nose.

How common cold can be prevented?

The main step in the prevention of this disorder is washing the hands properly. One must keep the hands clean and they must be washed regularly with the help of soap as well as water. They can also be cleaned with the alcohol based solutions. It decreases the chances of infection to spread from one individual to other. One must also prevent the touching to eyes or nose. The chances of infection are increased with these touches. It can be transmitted to the respiratory tract infection. There is no vaccine till date which can prevent this infection as there are number of viruses which can cause this disorder and they keep on changing. The probiotics have been quite successful in case of children.

How useful was this post?

Click on a star to rate it!