Common Cold

by andywalsh | June 12, 2019 11:25 pm

A cold is a contagious viral disease which infects the soft lining (mucous membrane) of the nose. Sneezing, scratchy throat, runny nose. You may also have a sore throat, cough, headache, or other symptoms. Over 200 viruses can cause a cold. Colds typically last three to five days, with residual coughing lasting up to three weeks. A cold may last for about one week, but some colds last longer, especially in children, elderly people, and those in poor health. Usually, it is a mild condition, recovery taking place within about a week. it’s different from influenza, a more severe viral infection of the respiratory tract that shows the additional symptoms of rapidly rising fever, chills, and body and muscle aches. Children usually get colds from other children. When a new strain is introduced into a school or day care, it quickly travels through the class. The primary family of viruses that cause common colds in adults are the rhinoviruses.

In the course of a year, people in the United States suffer 1 billion colds, according to some estimates. Infection rates greater than three infections per year per person are not uncommon in some populations. Colds are highly contagious. They most often spread when droplets of fluid that contain a cold virus are transferred by touch. Over-the-counter medications can provide temporary relief of symptoms and should be used as soon as you feel a cold coming on. There are many different viruses that can cause cold symptoms, but about half of the time a cold is caused by a class of viruses called rhinoviruses. There are more than one hundred kinds of rhinoviruses. If the virus makes it into the cells lining the lungs, then they start producing fluid and mucus as well, which produces the cough. While the common cold itself is rarely life threatening, its complications, such as pneumonia, can very well be.

Causes of Common Cold

The comman causes of Common cold include the following:

Symptoms of Common Cold

Some sign and symptoms related to Common cold are as follows:

Treatment of Common cold

Here is list of the methods for treating Common cold:

Source URL: https://alldiseases.org/common-cold-2/