What Is a Colorado Tick Fever?

March 22 22:07 2019 Print This Article

It is defined as a disorder in which there is a viral infection which is transmitted from the bite of wood tick. It is also known as the CTF. The other names are mountain fever and mountain tick fever. The Colorado tick virus affects the blood cells and mainly the red blood cells and so the virus gets transmitted by the blood sucking ticks. It can also be transmitted by the blood transfusion. The Colorado tick virus is 80 nm in diameter. It is not enveloped. There is a double stranded viral genome which is long and is divided into few segments. The replication of virus is in link with the cytoplasm granular matrices. The presence of virus in a mature red blood cell is related to the division of virus in a red blood precursor cells. The infected immature cells get mature and there is a direct entry and division of the virus in mature red blood cells.

What are the signs and symptoms of Colorado tick fever?

It includes the transmission by Colorado tick virus. It cannot be transmitted from a person to other. In few cases there may be a blood transfusion. The virus is present in the blood for few months when the illness starts. Initial signs and symptoms are seen after few days. The incubation period is for 20 days. There is a fever as well as illness. It is a double stage and can continue for few days. It can return after few days. The virus lives in the blood for 4 months. It comes in contact without the proper care and precaution. The symptoms include the fever, chills, pain and headaches. There is a pain behind the eyes and sensitivity to light. There is a pain in the muscle and there is nausea, vomiting along with a rash. In the second phase one sees a high fever which increases the severity of symptoms. It can require hospitalization and is quite severe. It can lead to fever, meningitis as well as encephalitis. This disease is seasonal and occurs in the young males. They are the common targets as they are involved due to the occupation activities. It occurs in the rocky mountain region.

How Colorado tick fever can be diagnosed?

It includes the use of visual examination and a patient history. One must look for the clinical signs as well as laboratory tests. Complement fixation tests can also be done. The laboratory findings tell us about the leucopenia, thrombocytopenia and increase in the liver enzyme levels. One can also detect the antibodies.

How Colorado tick fever can be treated?

It includes that there is no specific treatment for this disorder. One must identify the cause for it and must act against it. The tick must be removed completely and one can go for the pain killers as well as anti pyretic. Aspirin must not be given and it is in link with the Reyes syndrome.

Thrombocytopenia can occur due to the use of salicylates. If suspected one must consult a physician as soon as possible. The ticks must be removed with the help of tweezers as well as slow traction. One must not crush the body of tick and it must not be removed with bare hands. It must be done with proper care and the nose must be properly removed so that the infection must not occur. The hands must be washed with soap as well as water.

How Colorado tick fever can be prevented?

It includes the avoidance of any irritating factor. One must avoid alcohol, tobacco and cigarette smoking. One must not crush the body of tick and it must not be removed with bare hands. It must be done with proper care and the nose must be properly removed so that the infection must not occur. One must avoid flame to remove the tick. One must wear light color clothes and must walk in the centre so that the overhanging grass as well as brushes can be taken care off. One must avoid going outside in the warm months. One must wear long pants and socks. One must remove the attached ticks and use insect repellants and must remove the ticks immediately.

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