Cholera

by andywalsh | June 12, 2019 11:18 pm

Cholera is an acute, diarrheal illness caused by infection of the intestine with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Vibrios are capable of both respiratory and fermentative metabolism. O 2 is a universal electron acceptor; they do not denitrify.Vibrio cholerae is typically ingested by drinking contaminated water, or by eating improperly cooked fish, especially shellfish. It has a short incubation period, from less than one day to five days, and produces an enterotoxin that causes a copious, painless, watery diarrhoea that can quickly lead to severe dehydration and death if treatment is not promptly given. The disease is usually spread by contaminated water supplies. Most persons infected with V. cholerae do not become ill, although the bacterium is present in their faeces for 7-14 days. Infection is acquired primarily by ingesting contaminated water or food; person-to-person transmission is rare.

Cholera is very rare in the United States. Although cholera is a very rare disease today, six worldwide outbreaks were documented between 1817 and 1911 that resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths. There are several strains of V. cholerae and the severity of the disease is based on the particular infectious strain. Cholera is not a difficult disease to treat and most people recover well with appropriate oral fluid replacement (hydration). Most vibrios have relatively simple growth factor requirements and will grow in synthetic media with glucose as a sole source of carbon and energy. The main symptom is watery diarrhoea which leads to fluid depletion and death from dehydration. The disease can spread rapidly in areas with inadequate treatment of sewage and drinking water. Vomiting also occurs in most patients. It is still unclear whether V. cholerae O139 will extend to other regions, and careful epidemiological monitoring of the situation is being maintained.

Causes of Cholera

Here are the list of the the possible causes of Cholera:

Symptoms of Cholera

Some sign and symptoms related to Cholera are as follows:

Treatment of Cholera

Here is list of the methods for treating Cholera:

Source URL: https://alldiseases.org/cholera/