Asymptomatic Hypertension

June 09 23:17 2019 Print This Article

Asymptomatic Hypertension is an intermittent or persistent elevation of the blood pressure (systolic blood pressure above 140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure above 90 mm Hg) or (a systolic and diastolic pressure of 20 mm Hg above the normal baseline pressure).

There are two types of hypertension: primary (aka essential or idiopathic, which means no particular cause can be identified) and secondary, which means due to some definable cause such as kidney failure or atherosclerosis. About 89% of cases are considered to be primary hypertension, and while no specific cause can be singled out as the culprit, many factors are implicated in the development of primary, or essential hypertension.

Some of the recognized risk factors include family history, environment (family size, crowding, eating patterns, occupation, obesity), salt ingestion and sensitivity (there is controversy over whether the sodium or chloride part of the salt molecule is the principal factor), race (blacks have more primary hypertension and more morbidity and mortality than whites), hyperlipidemia, smoking, and diet.

Signs and Symptoms of Asymptomatic Hypertension

Sign and symptoms may include the following :

  • Dizziness.
  • Palpitations.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Hematuria (blood in the urine).
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