What Is An Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis?

May 01 21:20 2019 Print This Article

It is defined as a disorder in which there is a neuron motor disease. It is also known as ALS. It progresses and affects the nerve. It can even lead to death. The nerve cells which are present in the central nervous system regulate the movement of voluntary muscles. It is known as LG disease in North part of America. It is named after a base ball player. The person living with the disease is S Hawking. It leads to the weakness of muscle as well as the death. It occurs as both the upper as well as lower motor neurons die. No message is send to the muscles.

The twitches are developing in the muscles as there is a loss of nerve and ultimately the muscles die out. The patient does not have ability to control the movements of bladder as well as bowel sphincters. The muscles which regulate the movement of eye are not involved. Cognitive function remains the same and there is a link with the fronto temporal dementia. Cognitive changes are affected in these areas. The autonomic nervous system controls the sweating which is functional.

What are the signs and symptoms of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?

It includes the initial as well as emerging phase. In the initial stages there are symptoms which are not properly looked. The most prominent feature is the weakness of muscle as well as death of it. It can lead to cramping, stiffness as well as the itching of muscles. The weakness of muscles affects the arms and speech is improper and one can also notice a slurred speech. They signify the motor neuron which is no more and leads to the weakness of affected muscles.

The type of neuron which is affected depends on the part of body which is involved. Most of the people have involved limbs followed by other body parts. The patient is not able to walk properly and he stumbles quite often. In few patients the disease starts in hand and they have a problem in dealing with the day to day activities. It includes the buttoning of shirt, movement of the key etc. In few cases the symptoms are present on one side only.

One fourth of the patients have a bulbar onset and there is a problem in the speaking. The speech is slurred. There is a loss of volume as well as problem in the swallowing. There is a total loss of speech and there is a loss of protection of the air way.