What is an Achalasia?

March 29 01:26 2019 Print This Article

It is defined as a condition in which there is an esophegal motility disorder. It has a layer of smooth muscles which loses its ability to move down the food. It is referred as a peristalsis. The lower esophageal sphincter is also referred as LES which fails to relax properly as a response to swallowing. This condition is also known as the esophageal achalasia or achalasia cardiae or cardiospasm.

The most common form of this condition is known as primary achalasia in which the underlying cause is unknown. There are few cases which are formed as a result of secondary results of the other conditions. They may be esophageal cancer or chagas disease. It affects 1 in 100,000 people per year.

What are the signs and symtoms of achalasia?

Difficulty in swallowing regurgitation of the undigested food. The difficulty in swallowing gets worse with each passing day. It involves fluids and solids.

It may also lead to the loss of weight and coughing when the patient lies in horizontal direction.

There may also be a chest pain which looks like a heartburn. The chest pain is also referred as a cardio spasm and it can be non cardiac chest pain also. They are misunderstood for heart attack. This condition is very painful in which the food and liquid are inhaled into the lungs. This is known as aspiration. Before, taking into the lungs they are retained in the esophagus.

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