What is an Achalasia, Familial Esophageal?

March 29 01:40 2019 Print This Article

It is defined as a condition in which there is an esophegal motility disorder. It has a layer of smooth muscles which loses its ability to move down the food. It is referred as a peristalsis.

The lower esophageal sphincter is also referred as LES which fails to relax properly as a response to swallowing. This condition is also known as the esophageal achalasia or achalasia cardiae or cardiospasm. It leads to the difficulty in swallowing, regurgitation and chest pain in few cases. The barium swallow x ray studies and manometry helps in the diagnosis of this condition.

There is no specific treatment for this condition. There are few medicines like Botox which are effective in few cases. They provide a temporary relief and the permanent relief is provided by the surgery and esophageal dilation. The surgery is done by the cleaving of muscle which is known as the Heller myotomy. The most common form of this condition is known as primary achalasia in which the underlying cause is unknown. There are few cases which are formed as a result of secondary results of the other conditions. They may be esophageal cancer or chagas disease.

It affects 1 in 100,000 people per year. The chagas disease is common in the South America.

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