What is Absent T Lymphocytes?

April 22 23:10 2019 Print This Article

It is defined as a condition in which there is a low level of lymphocytes in the blood. It is also known as the lymphopenia. These are a type of white blood cells which play a role in the immune system. The excessive level of lymphocytes is known as the lymphocytosis. The lymphopenia is a part of pancytopenia in which all the types of cells are reduced.

What are the causes of absent T lymphocytes?

The most common cause of this condition is the infection such as the common cold. The lymphocytopenia is associated with multiple factors like use of steroids, bacterial and viral infection. It also involves the fungal infection.

The stress, malnutrition, SLE and physical exercise are the other causative factors. There are iatrogenic conditions which involve the usage of medicines. The lymphocytopenia occurs frequently as a result of chemotherapy and the use of cytotoxic agents. It also includes the immunosuppressive drugs. The malignant conditions like leukemia which involve the bone marrow cause lymphocytopenia. It is also caused by the radiotherapy, nuclear accidents and full body radiations.

What is the diagnosis and prognosis of absent T lymphocytes?

The diagnosis of this condition is mainly done by the complete blood cell count. The adult with low level of lymphocytes that is less than 1500 cells per microlitre is of a great diagnostic value. The child with low level of lymphocytes that is less than 3000 cells per microlitre is of a great diagnostic value. This condition is present as long as the infection exists. The patients with the idiopathic condition have low but stable CD4 cell count. Some of them have low and falling CD4 cell count.

What is the treatment of absent T lymphocytes?

The lymphocytopenia which is caused by the viruses like feline leukemia and feline immunodeficiency virus is treated with the lymphocyte T cell immune modulator.

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